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Schloss Mittersill: History and Stories

The History of Schloss Mittersill

The history of Schloss Mittersill is fascinating and varied. The approximately 900-year old records of its existence open the door to the dreams and everyday life of bygone days. In one of our popular castle tours,

will share interesting facts and intriguing stories about the stately castle, situated in the province of Salzburg. If you listen and look closely during your stay, the castle walls itself will also whisper many romantic tales.

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The History of Schloss Mittersill

Around the year 1150, the counts of Bavaria’s Lechsgemünd had the first Schloss built to control one of the most important roads in the valley. In the first half of the 13th century Schloss Mittersill was traded into possession of the archbishopric Salzburg and became the seat of the caretaker for the region Upper Pinzgau.

During the peasant uprisings, the fortress was taken in 1526 and pillaged. As a result, the archbishop of Salzburg had the fortifications expanded. The year of completion, 1528, can still be seen above the archway.

 

Various Owners

When the archbishopric Salzburg came to an end in 1803, the owners of Schloss Mittersill changed frequently. After coming into ownership by the state, it was then passed on to various private individuals. In the 1930s, it was acquired by Baron Hubert of Pantz, an entrepreneur with the best connections among the noble circles.

Its current state aside, this was Schloss Mittersill in its prime: nobles, industrialists and movie stars met in the Schloss, and Mittersill was "in". Queen Juliana of the Netherlands even spent several weeks honeymooning in the picturesque castle fortress.

 

New Schloss Stories

After the dark days of National Socialism, life in the Schloss flourished again. The fortress was returned to Baron of Pantz, who extensively renovated it. In 1948, the "Sport & Shooting Club”—the at that time most exclusive club in the world—was founded at Schloss Mittersill.

High society yet again gathered in the region Pinzgau: Hollywood greats such as Clark Gable, Bob Hope and Rita Hayworth, dazzling personalities such as the Duke of Windsor, Henry Ford II and the Shah of Persia were guests at Schloss Mittersill.

 

Schloss Mittersill until Today

In the mid-1960s, the club decided to sell Schloss Mittersill. The International Fellowship of Evangelical Students (IFES) acquired the building in 1967 in order to use it as a conference center.

In December 2009, the Schloss was sold for the first time in its history to locals from Pinzgau. The entire building has been extensively but carefully renovated and equipped with the most modern amenities.

Nowadays you can experience the ambience of a centuries-old castle whilst enjoying the high standard of a 4-star superior Schloss hotel.


Suite Stories

The 10 individually designed suites at Schloss Mittersill are linked to fascinating stories of celebrities and nobles from the last century.

The historic walls are not only witnesses of the former high-society encounters in our Schloss, but continue to exert unbroken fascination in the entire fortress.

 

Princess Soraya

The Persian Fairytale Princess from Germany

A fairytale like from One Thousand and One Nights: This is the dazzling but also melancholic life story of Princess Soraya of Persia. Soraya's father came from one of Persia's most distinguished and ancient tribal families. He was the imperial Persian ambassador to Germany from 1951 to 1961. In Berlin, he also met Soraya's mother, the Moscow-born saleswoman Eva Karl.


Soraya was born on June 22, 1932 in Isfahan, the capital of the province of the same name in what was then Persia (now Iran). She spent her childhood in her native country as well as in Germany and Switzerland. She attended elite boarding schools in Montreux, Lausanne, and the Saint James boarding school in London. Soraya enjoyed excellent education and spoke four languages ​​fluently: German, English, French and Persian.


Their fate was to be decided when the Shah of Persia’s mother, in search of a befitting wife for her son and monarch, Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi Shahanshah, took a liking to a photograph of Soraya. The Shah also fell in love with Soraya's portrait. It was followed by a wedding ceremony with glitz and glamour. Soraya married in a silver Christian Dior wedding robe weighing no less than thirty kilograms. It seems that it was (in spite of the arrangement) a marriage of love, according to what both the Shah himself and Soraya later repeatedly suggested within the limits of permissible etiquette.
However, over the span of their seven-year-long marriage, no male heir to the throne was born—just like Mohammed’s first marriage. The Shah therefore told the Persian radio station in a low voice and with “great sorrow” that due to state reasons he had separated from his “dear wife”. For Soraya, too, this separation was the only possible way forward. She could not have endured sharing her husband with a concubine, who would have been necessary to produce an heir to the throne. Probably the happiest and most carefree days of their officially impossible love were spent by the royal couple at Schloss Mittersill.


The life of Soraya proceeded to be as fateful as that of Princess Diana or Empress Sissi. Each of her steps were observed by the tabloids and commented on with great enthusiasm. She is said to have had affairs with the German playboy Gunter Sachs and the Austrian film actor Maximilian Schell. In fact, a great love of Soraya’s was the Italian film director Franco Indovina, with whom she was in a relationship until his tragic death by plane crash in 1972. She was often on the road and suffered frequent depressions until her death on October 25, 2001 in her Parisian apartment on Avenue Montaigne. Soraya was laid to rest in the family grave in Munich’s Westfriedhof.

Her Majesty, Juliana, Queen of the Netherlands, Princess of Orange-Nassau

The Extraordinarily Ordinary

The future Queen of the Netherlands, Juliana, was born on April 30, 1909 in The Hague. She brought great joy to her parents, Queen Wilhelmina of Orange-Nassau and Prince Henry of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. Their marriage had long been childless and with their “Princess Sunshine”—as Juliana was called by her parents—the succession the the throne was assured.


Even as a child Juliana was rather modest and reserved, even a little shy. She grew up quite close to the common people. Like other kids, she skated on the frozen canals of The Hague. Of course, Juliana’s education up until University level was secured in private with royal tutors. However, she studied Political Science, against the initial resistance of her mother, at the public university in Leiden.


In 1936, Queen Juliana met the German Prince Bernhard zu Lippe-Biesterfeld at the Olympic Winter Games in Garmisch-Partenkirchen. The two fell in love, married in 1937 and spent their wonderful honeymoon at Schloss Mittersill that same year. Indeed, the Dutch royal couple regularly spent their winter holidays in Austria. Once they returned from the UK on September 6, 1958, Juliana is formally inaugurated as the Queen of the Netherlands.


Juliana’s heartfelt, social and down-to-earth personality (she refused to be called “Her Majesty” and abolished the court curtsey)  quickly wins over the hearts and love of her people. One of the symbolically powerful moments of her regency, which lasted until 1980, took place in 1953. When the Netherlands was hit with a significant natural disaster she stood in black, heavy rubber boots in the middle of a flooded area—comforting and encouraging her people.


On March 20, 2004, Queen Juliana died in her sleep at the age of 94 years from the effects of pneumonia. The then Dutch Prime Minister Jan Peter Balkenende praised her in his condolence speech with the following words: "Queen Juliana loved people. She preferred spontaneity to protocol, and honesty to formality, but in all that she did, she always remained a queen who took her duty and mission very seriously. Queen Juliana was a warm-hearted, wise woman who dedicated her life to serving others. We remember her with love and gratitude."

Coco Chanel

“I don’t do fashion. I am fashion.”

Coco Chanel - this name has long become legendary. It signifies elegance, luxury, lifestyle, liberation in fashion, and the emancipation of the woman. The Time magazine named Coco Chanel as the only woman among the most influential personalities  in the fashion industry of the 20th century. Gabriel Chasnel, Coco Chanel’s original name, was not given any of these attributes upon being born. On the contrary, Coco Chanel came from an impoverished condition. She was born in 1883 in a French almshouse. Her father was unstable, and unable to care for his family. So Coco Chanel spent her childhood in a strictly led orphanage. She slept in an unheated dorm and trained as a seamstress under the rigid eye of convent nuns.

 

With her ingenious talent and the financial help from her ever-changing and sometimes quite wealthy lovers in financial aristocracy and art, Coco Chanel finally made it: from a humble beginning with a hat studio to fashion heaven. She revolutionized the world of women's fashion. She, quite literally, freed style-conscious women from the corset’s confines and the tightly wound fashion laws. Coco Chanel pioneered modern and functional women's fashion with calf-length skirts or airy pants, loose-fitting tops and short haircuts for self-confident and independent women. She also set a high economic standard: her perfume creation Chanel N°5 (also made famous by Marilyn Monroe) is still one of the world's best-selling perfumes and has given rise to an entire industry.


Coco Chanel at Schloss Mittersill: Inspired to Design a Masterpiece

Coco Chanel was already an icon in her day and embodied the lifestyle of high society like no other. At that time the owner of Schloss Mittersill, the aristocratic industrialist Baron Hubert von Pantz, established a hot spot for this elite circle in Salzburg. Coco Chanel was mesmerised with Schloss Mittersill’s charm, fell in love with it, and thereafter spent many romantic days within its walls.

It was also here that she was inspired to design one of her most famous creations: the classic Chanel jacket. The uniform of one of the castle’s elevator operator was the inspiration for this timelessly beautiful and elegant garment, which to this day is not amiss in the wardrobe of any successful business woman, actress or other female star around the globe.

 

It was not until the fall of 2014 that the fashion house Chanel and its current head creative director Karl Lagerfeld paid tribute to Salzburg. One of the highlights in a sparkling and glamorous fashion show was a tribute to the legendary Chanel jacket and it’s creation, which began at Schloss Mittersill. In order to pay homage to the dazzling Coco Chanel, a luxury suite was named after her in the 4-star-superior Schloss Mittersill. We welcome you to stay where Coco Chanel created one of the masterpieces of fashion.

King Farouk I of Egypt

Splendour, Pomp and Self-Destruction

The reign of the then most powerful monarch of the Middle East, King Farouk I, began splendidly and promisingly. At the tender age of 17, Farouk I crowned the King of Egypt. His official title: "His Majesty Farouk I, by the grace of God, King of Egypt and the Sudan, Sovereign of Nubia, of Kordofan and of Darfur.”

 

He was young, handsome, intelligent and equipped with the skills of an elite English education and training, he quickly became the most popular potentate of Egypt. Within a short period of time he brought about social reforms and was quite popular and admired by his subjects. But the admiration for Farouk I extended even further than his own country. For example, the Prime Minister of Lebanon praised him by saying, "He is not only the king of Egypt, but the king of all Arabs."

 

However, this popularity quickly waned. In fact, the king's desire for luxury, splendour and pleasure became increasingly exorbitant and limitless. More and more frequently he lived an extravagant and unbridled lifestyle, unconstrained by any social conventions; luxury cars, estates, palaces, gold, diamonds, love affairs, carousals and revelries.

On July 23, 1952 Faruk was overthrown by a military coup organised by General Mohammed Naguib and Gamal Abdel Nasser. He initially took asylum in Monaco and later in Italy, and Farouk I continued his pompous lifestyle in Europe. His eccentric performances and his stakes in Europe’s most sophisticated casinos provided reliably iridescent material for the tabloids.

 

Farouk, however, also had a different side. One side of him was considered cultivated, civilised and educated. It is said that he spoke Arabic, Turkish, Italian, English, French, German, and Russian. The charming variety of Farouk’s ambivalent personality was also shown at banquets and in the company of the international high society in the Sport- & Shooting Club at Schloss Mittersill.

 

King Farouk I was married twice. He had three daughters with Queen Farida (real name: Safinaz Zulficar, whom he married in 1938, and divorced in 1948). He had a son with Narriman Sadek (a commoner who after their marriage in 1951 was called ”Cinderella of the Nile”, and whom Farouk divorced in 1954) named Ahmed Fuad. King Farouk I was only 45 years old when he died on March 18, 1965 in Rome.

 

Henry Ford II

The Dynamics of a Dynasty

Henry Ford the Second was the grandson of legendary automotive pioneer Henry Ford, who revolutionized the entire automotive industry in 1913 with the introduction of cars made in production lines. Ford’s Model T (also named “Tin Lizzy”) went down in industrial history and was sold from 1908 until 1927 in its nearly unchanged form over 15 million times—a record that would last for 45 years.
However, Henry Ford’s unwillingness to change would become a problem for his company. (His legendary saying was, ”Our customers can have the Model T in any color - as long as it is black.")


New providers appeared on the market, the selection increased, and other manufacturers took customer requests into account when developing new cars. In short, the sales of Ford plummeted and the company was almost ruined. In this difficult phase, the grandson of the company's founder, Henry Ford II, born in 1917, took on the leadership of the company after the death of his father, Edsel Ford, who had been running the business.


Henry Ford the Second finally succeeded to bring the Ford Company back on track and into making profits with his clever and rigorous management. On the one hand, Henry Ford II was a power-conscious patriarch, especially as he increased in age. On the other hand, the studied social scientist and philanthropist was also known throughout his life for having a charitable streak. He introduced significant improvements for his employees at all Ford factories and publicly supported the American social welfare system with donations and appropriate facilities.


Simultaneously, the thrice-married Henry Ford II was a bon vivant who loved women and life. Accordingly, he was part of the flourishing high society and therefore, of course, also one of Schloss Mittersill’s guests. Here at Schloss Mittersill Henry Ford II not only had the opportunity to pursue his beloved parties, but also closed important contracts with influential business leaders from around the world. Needless to say he also enjoyed the stylish and glamorous atmosphere international stars such as Clark Gable or Gina Lollobrigida brought to Schloss Mittersill. Henry Ford II was 70 years old when he died on September 29, 1987 at the Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit, USA.

Gina Lollobrigida

The Italian Marilyn Monroe

"Gina Nazionale" or simply "La Lollo", as she would later be called by her fervent fans and admirers, was born on July 4, 1927 in Subiaco near Rome. Already considered to be an extraordinarily beautiful child she was crowned the "loveliest toddler in Italy" at the age of three. In her later world career Gina Lollobrigida would become considered the epitome of sensual-seductive, Italian beauty; a femme fatale par excellence.


In her younger years, however, Lollobrigida (who received early private lessons in dance, singing and drawing) was more interested in painting and the visual arts. So after the Second World War she studied sculpture and painting in Rome. In 2000, she mentioned in an interview for the magazine "Parade": "I studied painting and sculpting at school and became an actress by mistake".


This "mistake" was a stroke of luck in the great, glamorous era of Hollywood cinema. After a rather modest beginning in Italy in 1952 she achieved her international breakthrough alongside Gérard Philipe with "Fanfan la Tulipe“ and “Beauties of the Night”.


Her most legendary roles were with Anthony Quinn in "The Hunchback of Notre Dame" and the convincing demonstration of her singing talent in "The World’s Most Beautiful Woman”. Overall, Gina Lollobrigida participated in more than 70 film and television productions, establishing her worldwide fame as an actress and an icon of classic, feminine beauty.


Lollobrigida graced  6000 magazine covers and she received countless awards, including the Golden Globe.


In addition to acting Lollobrigida also succeeded in becoming a photographer in the 1970s. She took portrait photographs of many different personalities such as Fidel Castro, Paul Newman, Salvator Dalí and Henry Kissinger. She also took up sculpting again, and was accepted at the Academy of Arts in Florence.


She was married to the Yugoslavian doctor Milko Skofic for over 20 years and had a son with him, Milko Jr. Gina Lollobrigida was a coveted woman. This is no surprise, since she was surrounded by the most attractive and well-known men of her time (they were also often her film partners). So Humphrey Bogart, Frank Sinatra, Kirk Douglas, Tony Curtis, Burt Lancaster and many others liked to be seen by her side. It goes without saying that "Gina Nazionale" was the centre of attention as both a guest and a welcome hunting companion for the high society gathered at Schloss Mittersill.


Since the mid-1980s, Lollobrigida has been working for UNESCO and has also been politically active. She currently lives in her beloved Italian capital, Rome. 

Sport & Shooting Club Mittersill

The world’s most exclusive society club

In 1935 Baron Hubert von Pantz acquired Schloss Mittersill. According to the his lifestyle, his preferred pastimes and the equally illustrious and the Baron’s prominent friends of Austrian nobility, Hubert von Pantz established the most exclusive society club in the world at Schloss Mittersill: the Sport & Shooting Club Mittersill. Even before the Second World War, everyone with rank and name in the international high society met there. For example, in 1937 the newlywed Dutch royal couple, Queen Juliana and her Prince Consort Bernhard zu Lippe-Biesterfeld, spent a couple weeks of their happy honeymoon at Schloss Mittersill.

 

New Money, Old Nobility, Tennis & Golf

After the Second World War, Hubert von Pantz excelled in connecting the old European nobility with those from “new money,” especially from America, actors and the international high society. This was the essence of the magical attraction of the exclusive and resurrected Sports & Shooting club Mittersill. Hubert von Pantz was able to cultivate his passions such as motorsport, skiing, and entertaining within a befitting society. A day at Club Mittersill? Hunting, horse riding, tennis, swimming, followed by a dinner in the obligatory traditional Tyrolean Janker and a club tie in eccentric pink.


This lifestyle fascinated the world’s rich, beautiful, famous and powerful of that time. Coco Chanel was at Schloss Mittersill and not only fell in love with the castle but also with its lord, Baron Hubert von Pantz. The Shah of Persia, Princess Soraya, King Farouk of Egypt, the Duke of Windsor, Aristotle Onassis, Aga Khan, Henry Ford II, Rita Hayworth, Gina Lollobrigida, Clark Gable, Bob Hope, Bing Crosby and many others have repeatedly signed the guestbook of Schloss Mittersill.


Baron Hubert von Pantz was not only a gentleman of an international society, he was also an enthusiastic and excellent sportsman. The tennis court at Schloss Mittersill was created at his own initiative and Hubert von Pantz even designed a small but fine golf course at his own expense, which managed to please prominent golfers such as Bob Hope or Bing Crosby. Pantz’s golf course was also the inspiration for the beginnings of today's Golf Club Kitzbühel. Its long-standing and varied origin story likewise begins with the initiative of the visionary, young, and sports-loving Baron Hubert von Pantz.

Clark Gable

"A gentleman forgets your age, but never your birthday.”

And Clark Gable truly was a gentleman. His austere and masculine charm drew female admirers to the cinemas in masses. He embodied the male macho like no other. Clarke Gable was born on February 1, 1901 in the state of Ohio. His mother died early, and so Gable grew up with relatives.


At the age of 16 he was expelled from high school and took on various odd jobs. His acting enthusiasm was first awoken by a touring theatre’s performance. His dream became quite clear: he wanted to be an actor. A path with difficulties and obstacles. His first wife, the theater manager Josephine Dillon, first opened doors for Gable in Hollywood. That did not prevent Clark Gable from first taking on small roles and being an extra, and his breakthrough role in Hollywood materialised only after his success on New York's Broadway.


Then, however, things went in one fell swoop: he was signed with MGM and later became the biggest star of the legendary film studio. He excelled in "A Free Soul" and received the Oscar for his brilliant acting in the 1934 comedy "It Happened One Night". His acting in "Gone with the Wind" made him immortal as Rhett Butler. After volunteering in the Second World War with the US Air Force in the UK, Cable was able to build on his former triumphs with "The Misfits" (with Marilyn Monroe). The five times married Clark Gable died on November 16, 1960 in Los Angeles from a heart attack.


Clark Gable visited Schloss Mittersill several times and was one of the world's most famous personalities at the castle’s Sports & Shooting Club. His hobbies were the beautiful things in life - and the game of golf. Those wanting to be reminded of the sporty, glamorous era can view Clark Gable’s golf bag at Schloss Mittersill.
He was in his time the epitome of masculinity and a seductively macho lifestyle. He played alongside the most beautiful and famous actresses of his time and was a bon vivant. As such, of course, he fit very well into the elite circle of international high society brought together by the former owner of Schloss Mittersill, the aristocratic industrialist Baron Hubert von Pantz. In this illustrious circle, Gable was a highly valued and welcome guest. He managed to entertain others with Hollywood anecdotes and stories about his famous castmates. It was part of his lifestyle and image that there would always be more served than just one drink or one cigar. The great charmer Clark Gable was ranked seventh by the American Film Institute in the list of the “25 greatest male movie legends of all time".

Baron Hubert von Pantz

Happiness is stronger than steel.

The former lord of the castle and founder of, in its day, the world’s most exclusive society, Baron Hubert von Pantz, was one of the most dazzling personalities of the 20th century international high society. Hubert von Pantz emanated from one of the oldest noble families in Austrian history: the family tree of Pantz dates back to the Roman Empire of the 15th century. Their title of nobility, which gave the Pantz family a monopoly on iron mining throughout Central Europe, also dates back to this period.
Hubert von Pantz was born on 5 July, 1909 in Sonnhof ob Stainach near Liezen in Styria. He spent his coming-of-age years in a time of excess--in the 1920s after the First World War. This war had dissolved the monarchy and Austria shrank from a prosperous, world empire with a population of 65 million to a small country with six million inhabitants. Therefore, the nobility were seeking orientation and a new world stage. Hubert von Pantz found this as a VIP of an international high society circle.


In 1935, Baron Hubert von Pantz acquired Schloss Mittersill and later established the most exclusive sports and society club of its day: the Sports & Shooting Club Mittersill. Baron Hubert von Pantz's connections and acquaintances, who visited him at Schloss Mittersill and spent exclusive vacations there, ranged from the House of Windsor to the Dutch royal family and the Shah of Persia. Hollywood stars such as Clark Gable, Rita Hayworth and Gina Lollobrigida were also happily seen in the company of the young, elegant and cosmopolitan Baron. Coco Chanel succumbed to his charm and during one of her visits at her lover’s Schloss Mittersill she was inspired to design her timeless fashion classic, the Chanel jacket.


During the Second World War, in which also Schloss Mittersill was taken over by the dictatorship, Baron Hubert von Pantz realized his dream of Schloss Mittersill in America. In Franconia, New Hampshire, the Mittersill Alpine Resort was built in authentic Tyrolean architecture, opening its doors in 1945. It was an immediate success and became a beloved venue of the US high society.  


But Hubert von Pantz also re-established Schloss Mittersill in Salzburg with his exclusive Sport & Shooting Club Mittersill as an elite society hotspot and brought the international high society back to Austria. The Shah of Persia, Soraya, King Farouk of Egypt, the Duke of Windsor, Aristotle Onassis, Aga Khan, Henry Ford II, Rita Hayworth, Gina Lollobrigida, Clark Gable, Bob Hope, Bing Crosby and many others have repeatedly signed the guest book at Schloss Mittersill and thereby proven their reverence for Schloss Mittersill to Baron Hubert von Pantz.

Alexander Prinz zu Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst

Alexander Prinz zu Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst, also known as Alexander von Hohenlohe, was born on August 6, 1862 and the son of Chlodwig Fürst zu Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst in Lindau. The extensive family tree of this German noble family Hohenlohe has roots in the year 1153. Alexander von Hohenlohe's father Chlodwig was one of the most influential politicians of his time. From 1894 to 1900 he was Chancellor and Prussian Prime Minister.

 

His son Alexander von Hohenlohe was also to devote his life to politics, diplomacy and journalism. Alexander von Hohenlohe attended grammar school in Wiesbaden and then studied law at the universities of Graz, Vienna, Paris, Leipzig and Göttingen. In 1866 he managed to become an imperial clerk responsible for the administration of Alsace-Lorraine in Strasbourg where his father was Reich Governor at that time. However, Alexander managed this without having passed his law state examination and thereby lacking a law degree.

 

After his father had been promoted to Reich Chancellor, Alexander followed him to Berlin and was the imperial legation councillor and employee at the ministry for foreign affairs in Berlin from 1894 to 1898. In May 1898, his father continued his appointment as the Imperial District President for Upper Alsace in Colmar.

From 1893 to 1903 Alexander was a member of the German parliament for the constituency of the Reichsland Alsace-Lorraine 10 (Hagenau, Weissenburg). In parliament he was first a member of the Reich Party, was elected in 1898 as a candidate of the German Conservative Party and in the end a party-independent member. In 1903 he ran as an independent conservative, but lost narrowly in the runoff election.

Alexander von Hohenlohe's social liberal attitude earned him the nickname "Red Prince". He loved passionately discussing his ideas on this topic with the nobility and high society circles at Schloss Mittersill. However, Prince Alexander von Hohenlohe also found that during his lengthy stays at Schloss Mittersill’s Sport & Shooting Club, he had time and motivation to relax, to gather strength and to pursue his hobbies. For example, Alexander von Hohenlohe, alongside Baron Hubert von Pantz, represented the agendas of the Sport & Shooting Club Mittersill at the founding meeting of the Kitzbühel Golf Club, and his initiative was instrumental for the final planning and execution of the Kitzbühel Golf Club.

 

Politically Alexander von Hohenlohe preserved his revolutionary spirit. This was very evident when, after the death of his equally liberal-minded father he printed his memoirs, against the express wish of the Emperor. The Emperor then forced his resignation as District President.

 

Later Alexander Prince lived in Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst in Switzerland. Alexander von Hohenlohe died in 1924 after a long illness  living in poor conditions in Badenweiler in Baden-Württemberg.

Bob Hope

King of Comedians, Television and Radio Star

For many, Bob Hope is still considered the most gifted American entertainer and comedic actor. Born in the UK in 1903, he started his international career in America. He jokingly said that he had left England at the age of four, after realizing that he could not become king there. Early on, his mother as a professional singer inspired him to join the show business. At first, however, he struggled as an amateur boxer and unskilled worker. His exceptional talent as a comedian, however, would become evident quite quickly.  

As a result, Hope succeeded in several Broadway musicals, in countless movies and later became a television and radio star. He was awarded over 1,500 prizes over his incredible career. He thus still maintains his record as the most distinguished entertainer. Among others he was awarded five Oscars—not official, but honorary. On the Hollywood Walk of Fame he is represented with no less than four stars: in the categories film, television, radio and theatre. His popularity also increased when he showed his patriotic commitment when accompanying military troops during various American wars.

 

Apart from show business, golf was Bob Hope’s greatest passion. He is probably the only person who has played a round with American presidents Dwight D. Eisenhower, Ronald Reagan, George Bush and Bill Clinton. Because of his contributions to the sport of golf, he has been admitted to the World Golf Hall of Fame.


Hope also honoured the small golf course of the Sport & Shooting Club Mittersill, which was cost-effectively and personally designed by Schloss Mittersill’s owner Baron Hubert von Pantz, and Bob Hope seemed to be quite taken by it. Bing Crosby also played this golf course. This golf initiative at Schloss Mittersill marked the beginning of the later Golf Club Kitzbühel, which has become well-known far beyond Austria's borders.

 

Bob Hope was married to his wife Dolores for over 69 years until his death at the age of 100 years in California. He had four children with Dolores.

Aristotle Onassis

Nobility, Jet-Set Lifestyle, Glamorous Parties

"Everything that matters in these times is money, so people with money are the new nobility." If this statement by Aristotle Onassis is to believed, he must have been the noblest of the nobles: the richest man of his time and self-made billionaire. Onassis was born as the son of the rich tobacconist Socrates Onassis in 1906 in today's Izmir (Cyprus, then Smyrna, part of the Ottoman Empire). However, he had to flee at the age of 16 due to the political situation, the Greek-Turkish war.

 

With only 60 dollars in his pocket, his ascent from nothing began in Argentina. Onassis initially worked in auxiliary jobs such as a telephone operator or bellboy, but began selling Turkish tobacco on a small scale, which he had imported from his home in Greece. After two years, he had earned his first $100,000, which he invested in a lucrative business: in hides and skins of livestock, which were then buried in Argentina, since they could not be utilised. Onassis prepared them for export to Europe, as well as grain and feed. He purchased his first nautical transport when a Canadian shipping company went bankrupt, buying his first freighters. He used his excess capacity for shipments of the increasingly important raw material oil. Through an exclusive and very advantageous contract with Saudi Arabia, Onassis became vastly rich simultaneously to the country.

 

He invested his capital with an incredible sense for business, also in Monaco. Onassis greatly contributed to making the Principality the fashionable meeting place of the international high society. He owned a famous casino and most of the luxury hotels in the Principality. It was his jet-set lifestyle that led him to Schloss Mittersill. In the most exclusive Society Club of its day—the Sport & Shooting Club Mittersill —he was amongst peers. He was the center of glamorous parties and a much sought-after conversation partner for international business.

 

Onassis had less luck in  his relationships. His first marriage failed due to a long-lasting affair with the "divine" and legendary opera diva Maria Callas. He also was said to have upheld their affair when he had been long married to Jacky Kennedy, the famous widow of murdered American President John F. Kennedy. He would later call this marriage "the biggest mistake" of his life.

 

It would never come to the divorce of this marriage. Even though Onassis had begun initiating the divorce process, he died in 1975 in a Parisian clinic. The great shipowner Aristotle Onassis left behind assets worth billions of dollars, more than 30 companies, and most likely a quite ugly inheritance war.

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